Can the offence of insult include all racist statements?

As an extension of Act No. 2017-86 of January 27th 2017 on equality and citizenship, the decree of August 3rd 2017 amending certain provisions of the Penal Code was published in the Official Gazette on August 5th 2017. Born out of a desire to increase the penalties for non-public manifestations of racism, sexism or homophobia, […]

Sudden termination of established business relationships: Is there a need for reform?

The offence of termination of commercial relations has existed since the Galland Law of July 1st, 1996. The idea was to protect “small business” against large distribution. It was therefore a law very strongly marked by the desire to intervene and regulate the economy. Paradoxically, France had a neoliberal Balladur government but with a very electoralist vision […]